Sunday, 2 October 2011

Rawang History

Rawang People The Rawang is sub –group of the Kachin. They were originally called Rawang. Neighbors of Rawang people and neighboring countries call the Rawang as below: (a). The Jinphaw say “Kha Nung” and also Nung Rawang. (b). The Lisu use “Chopa” or “Liwa” (c). The Khamti Shan call them “ Hkanung” (d). The Lhaovo or Maru call “Naw waw” (e). The Bibetans say “Chutze,” or “Nutze.” (f). The Burmese use “Rawang” (g). the English Call “Nung” Rawang, or Nung Rawang”[1] Definition of Rawang Matwang, Daru, Dangsar, Lungmi are collectively Rawangs. The Rawang inhabit the northern most part of Myanmar (Burma). The Two name “Nung” and “Rawang” need some expanations. Mr. Erol Grany and Mr. J.U O Barnard used the word Nung in describing the people and their Languguage. Mr. J.U O Barnard wrote in his introduction of his “Handbook of the Nung language, in 1910 that they were brought into contact with the Nungs, and they were known to them as the “Hkaunungs.” The name Hkanung is very controversial and unacceptable among Rawang People. It makes an invidious distinction of the Rawang, because one says that “Hkanung is Hkamti Shan the name for the Nungs, which carries unpleasant name a degrading appellation. It dropped out use long ago. Another translation is that “hkanung” means muddy water, the ancestors of the Rawang migrated from the north and crossing a muddy river ( Gaq nung Wang) from the east, Robert and Betty Morse indicated in their book, “ Oral Tradition and Rawang migradion Routs”.. that this muddy river was the Salween River of China. Three riviers run from North to south: a white slate colored water river called the Yangtze, a red water river that is constantly muddy is the Salween, and the one between these two rivers is a black river called the Mekong with clear deep color.[2] However, it is rather unwise to use the word “hkanung” an addressing the Rawang, it should be dropped out of once all. Again Rawang elders said that there were three great rivers in the north beyond and their ancestors migrated from the middle river. The word Rawang is derived from “Rawe wang ”literally mean middle,“ Wang Means River. Hence, Rawang means people from the Middle river. The Rawang tribes or cleans May well be satisfied with the name Rawang and its present meaning is “people of the middle river areas.” Rawangs is the right word that should be used in addressing the Rawang clans. The Government officially approved the word “Rawang” in 1964.[3] The Origin and migrated of the Rawang The origin of the nationalities that lived in Myanmar descendent from three larger groups: the Monkhama group, Tibeto – Burma group, and Tai – Chinese group, Rawangs are descendents of Tibeto – Burman group.[4] No accounts have been recorded how the Rawang people migrated, but by oral forms (poem, ballad, chants, through shamans) transmitted generation to generation by their ancestors. Some accounts were recorded and engraved on a layer of rock, using a pillar of stones to be memorandum informing of what their forefathers had done. The Rawang people believes that the creator of God put human couple in a place called “Masu a dam” or “Likpan mong” and moved to “Shazing a dam” ( the place of offspring of human beings) and again to “Sangwal a dam.” “ Sangwal” means disperse of people, “ a dam,” means plateau or plain) a plateau where the people dispersed. The sangwal a dam is some where in Outer Mongolia. The oral tradition saying is “Manggu a dam mvngkang a dam, sang wal a dam. “ manggu is a word that reassembles monggolia. The people traveled from Sang wal to Hordam,[5] from hordam to Namdam (sun plateau, place where sun shines fairly often), and from Namdam to Showa a dam” (located 30 degrees north latitude and 95 degrees east longtitude, meaning cultivation started fertile soil). From Showa a dam the Rawang people migrated to the south by three different routes: the white river Yangtze, the red water constantly muddy salween and the one between – the black water river Mekong.[6] Rawang settled quite a long period at the Mekong River, which is called Malangdam and those who remained were later called “malang Anung.” From there the Rawang moved to “Yahrah Gang”( cloth weaving plateau) the came into Myanmar. Population A tribe of the Rawang people who live around Myanmar, India, Thailand and China. The populations of Rawang people are only about 146000 Rawang.[7] But the Rawang Culture and Literature Committee estimates the population of Rawang in Myanmar at the year 2004 was 75,000 plus. Vpx I we vdepvn svra Gvba ri nvng Vshaqre ri keni facebook e wara nxnge. Yalong Rawang history nga o Dissertation Doctor of Ministry (D.Min) course Nga o yvng zvng lvm I e. Jeju keni facebook yvng command ewa ra nxnge.. vdu e ma? M du ma? Gvza Oqa ie, Pamvra.. Yeram from Kagabuce Homra

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